SOAL + KUNCI USP BAHASA INGGRIS - negerikertas.com

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Negerikertas.com - 2021

SOAL + KUNCI USP BAHASA INGGRIS

 

 

1

1

Hassan Putranto Dewantara

Jl. Wijayakusuma  No. 2B

Malang, Jawa Timur

087739984378

has_putra@gmail.com

 

January  14,  2021

 

Mr. Joey stevenson

Personal Manager

Blue Lagoon Fish

Jl. Samudra Jawa No. 76

Surabaya, Jawa Timur

 

Dear Mr. Steven,

I am writing to you to apply for the pos[tion  of production supervisor as advertised on your company’s website on January 11, 2021.

As you can see from my CV, I hold the qualifications and have the experiences  suitable for the position you offer.

I graduated from Universitas Brawijaya majoring Industrial Management. I have 3 years of working experiences in PT Shrimp Shipping inc. in Sidoarjo as production staff. I am capable of doing standard  production process

I am hard-working, fast learning, efficient, and adaptable. I have a good teamwork skill and ready to work under pressure.

I am available for an interview anytime and can be reached by phone or e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you soon. It would be a great chance if I can be a part of your staff.

 

Yours sincerely,

Dewantara

H. Putranto D.

 

The position had been offered is.......

 

A

Manager staff

 

B

Production staff

 

C

Production supervisor

 

D

Office boy

 

E

secretary

1

2

Hassan Putranto Dewantara

Jl. Wijayakusuma  No. 2B

Malang, Jawa Timur

087739984378

has_putra@gmail.com

 

January  14,  2021

 

Mr. Joey stevenson

Personal Manager

Blue Lagoon Fish

Jl. Samudra Jawa No. 76

Surabaya, Jawa Timur

 

Dear Mr. Steven,

I am writing to you to apply for the position of production supervisor as advertised on your company’s website on January 11, 2021.

As you can see from my CV, I hold the qualification and have the experiences  suitable for the position you offer.

I graduated from Universitas Brawijaya majoring Industrial Management. I have 3 years of working experiences in PT Shrimp Shipping inc. in Sidoarjo as production staff. I am capable of doing standard  production process.

I am hard-working, fast learning, efficient, and adaptable. I have a good teamwork skill and ready to work under pressure.

I am available for an interview anytime and can be reached by phone or e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you soon. It would be a great chance if I can be a part of your staff.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

Dewantara

H. Putranto D.

 

 

The purposes of this letter is.......

 

A

To apply for a job in Blue Lagoon Fish

 

B

To inform about job vacancy

 

C

To tell about  applicant’s job experiences

 

D

To report about  Blue Lagoon Fish Company

 

E

To describe applicant’s qualifications

1

3

Hassan Putranto Dewantara

Jl. Wijayakusuma  No. 2B

Malang, Jawa Timur

087739984378

has_putra@gmail.com

 

January  14,  2021

 

Mr. Joey stevenson

Personal Manager

Blue Lagoon Fish

Jl. Samudra Jawa No. 76

Surabaya, Jawa Timur

 

Dear Mr. Steven,

I am writing to you to apply for the position of production supervisor as advertised on your company’s website on January 11, 2021.

As you can see from my CV, I hold the qualification and have the experiences  suitable for the position you offer.

I graduated from Universitas Brawijaya majoring Industrial Management. I have 3 years of working experiences in PT Shrimp Shipping inc. in Sidoarjo as production staff. I am capable of doing standard  production process.

I am hard-working, fast learning, efficient, and adaptable. I have a good teamwork skill and ready to work under pressure.

I am available for an interview anytime and can be reached by phone or e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you soon. It would be a great chance if I can be a part of your staff.

 

Yours sincerely,

Dewantara

H. Putranto D.

 

Below are the qualification of applicant, EXCEPT.....

 

A

Graduated from majoring Industrial Management

 

B

Expereinces in PT Shrimp Shipping inc.

 

C

Hard working, Fast learning, efficient, and adaptable

 

D

Having good  achievement  and ready to work under pressure

 

E

Capable of doing standard production processes

1

4

Hassan Putranto Dewantara

Jl. Wijayakusuma  No. 2B

Malang, Jawa Timur

087739984378

has_putra@gmail.com

 

January  14,  2021

 

Mr. Joey stevenson

Personal Manager

Blue Lagoon Fish

Jl. Samudra Jawa No. 76

Surabaya, Jawa Timur

 

Dear Mr. Steven,

I am writing to you to apply for the position of production supervisor as advertised on your company’s website on January 11, 2021.

As you can see from my CV, I hold the qualification and have the experiences  suitable for the position you offer.

I graduated from Universitas Brawijaya majoring Industrial Management. I have 3 years of working experiences in PT Shrimp Shipping inc. in Sidoarjo as production staff. I am capable of doing standard  production process.

I am hard-working, fast learning, efficient, and adaptable. I have a good teamwork skill and ready to work under pressure.

I am available for an interview anytime and can be reached by phone or e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you soon. It would be a great chance if I can be a part of your staff.

 

Yours sincerely,

Dewantara

H. Putranto D.

 

The applicant knew the job vacancy from......

 

A

Daily Newspaper

 

B

Sport Magazine

 

C

Website of that company

 

D

Pamphlet

 

E

Friend’s information

1

5

Cases of Covid-19 were at least THREE TIMES higher than official statistics showed during the peak of the  of the UK's crisis, doctors reports reveal

 

 

August 16 the estimate number of infections is.........cases

 

A

1144

 

B

1414

 

C

1442

 

D

1440

 

E

1441

1

6

Cases of Covid-19 were at least THREE TIMES higher than official statistics showed during the peak of the  of the UK's crisis, doctors reports reveal

 

 

 

The lowest point shows  less than 624 cases in.....

 

A

July before 3

 

B

Between July 3 and July 25

 

C

July after 3

 

D

March 15

 

E

Between July 3 -5

1

7

Biden administration aims to have enough vaccine for most Americans by summertime.

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States aims to acquire an additional 200 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines, President Joe Biden said on Tuesday, enough to inoculate most Americans by summertime, as he races to curb a pandemic he warned could still get worse.

Biden’s administration will purchase 100 million doses each of the vaccines made by Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech, and Moderna Inc. increasing the overall total doses to 600 million, with delivery expected by summer.

The previous purchase target was 400 million doses.

Each vaccine requires two doses per person to be fully effective, suggesting the new purchases would build up enough of a stockpile to inoculate most of the country’s 331 million people. The vaccines are not approved for use by most children.

“This is a wartime effort,” Biden said in the White House State Dining Room under a painting of President Abraham Lincoln, who led the Union to victory in the U.S. Civil War.

Pfizer is confident it can deliver the extra doses in the time frame specified by Biden, spokeswoman Sharon Castillo said.

 

What is the purpose of this text...

 

A

To inform the reader about vaccines of covid 19

 

B

To inform the reader that Biden has announced  the War.

 

C

To inform the reader about US has purchase the vaccines of Covid 19

 

D

To inform the reader about Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech, and Moderna Inc.

 

E

To inform the reader United State Of America’s New President

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8

Biden administration aims to have enough vaccine for most Americans by summertime.

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States aims to acquire an additional 200 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines, President Joe Biden said on Tuesday, enough to inoculate most Americans by summertime, as he races to curb a pandemic he warned could still get worse.

Biden’s administration will purchase 100 million doses each of the vaccines made by Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech, and Moderna Inc. increasing the overall total doses to 600 million, with delivery expected by summer.

The previous purchase target was 400 million doses.

Each vaccine requires two doses per person to be fully effective, suggesting the new purchases would build up enough of a stockpile to inoculate most of the country’s 331 million people. The vaccines are not approved for use by most children.

“This is a wartime effort,” Biden said in the White House State Dining Room under a painting of President Abraham Lincoln, who led the Union to victory in the U.S. Civil War.

Pfizer is confident it can deliver the extra doses in the time frame specified by Biden, spokeswoman Sharon Castillo said.

 

The right statements based on the text are..........

 

 

A

President Biden want to buy 200 million doses of COVID 19 vaccines to Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech.

 

B

All American will be inoculated  by summertime

 

C

Biden thinks American is in warfare against  covid 19 now

 

D

Moderna Inc. have got 250 million doses order from US before

 

E

Biden’ spokewoman sure Pfizer can’t deliver  the extra doses on time

1

9

Biden administration aims to have enough vaccine for most Americans by summertime.

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States aims to acquire an additional 200 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines, President Joe Biden said on Tuesday, enough to inoculate most Americans by summertime, as he races to curb a pandemic he warned could still get worse.

Biden’s administration will purchase 100 million doses each of the vaccines made by Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech, and Moderna Inc. increasing the overall total doses to 600 million, with delivery expected by summer.

The previous purchase target was 400 million doses.

Each vaccine requires two doses per person to be fully effective, suggesting the new purchases would build up enough of a stockpile to inoculate most of the country’s 331 million people. The vaccines are not approved for use by most children.

“This is a wartime effort,” Biden said in the White House State Dining Room under a painting of President Abraham Lincoln, who led the Union to victory in the U.S. Civil War.

Pfizer is confident it can deliver the extra doses in the time frame specified by Biden, spokeswoman Sharon Castillo said.

 

 

US purchase 600 million doses of vaccines of covid 19 from Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech, and Moderna Inc. in two times order with delivery expected summer. Why does US purchase 600 million doses for their 331 million ctizen?

 

A

Cause each citizen will get two doses of vaccines to be more effective

 

B

The new purchases would build up enough of a stockpile for 331 million citizen

 

C

Children include to give the vaccine during the summertime

 

D

US government not sure that Pfizer Inc. and BioNtech. And Modena can fulfill the order

 

E

Cause US government has so much money to buy vaccines for all citizen

1

10

Biden administration aims to have enough vaccine for most Americans by summertime.

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States aims to acquire an additional 200 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines, President Joe Biden said on Tuesday, enough to inoculate most Americans by summertime, as he races to curb a pandemic he warned could still get worse.

Biden’s administration will purchase 100 million doses each of the vaccines made by Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech, and Moderna Inc. increasing the overall total doses to 600 million, with delivery expected by summer.

The previous purchase target was 400 million doses.

Each vaccine requires two doses per person to be fully effective, suggesting the new purchases would build up enough of a stockpile to inoculate most of the country’s 331 million people. The vaccines are not approved for use by most children.

“This is a wartime effort,” Biden said in the White House State Dining Room under a painting of President Abraham Lincoln, who led the Union to victory in the U.S. Civil War.

Pfizer is confident it can deliver the extra doses in the time frame specified by Biden, spokeswoman Sharon Castillo said.

 

 

Sharon Castilo is a source of this news item from.....element.

 

A

Participant

 

B

Eye-witness

 

C

Expert

 

D

Reporter

 

E

Government Officer

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11

Try Everything

                                                                 Shakira

I messed up tonight

I lost another fight

Lost to myself, but I'll just start again

 

I keep falling down

I keep on hitting the ground

But I always get up now to see what's next

 

Birds don't just fly

They fall down and get up

Nobody learns without getting it wrong

 

I won't give up

No, I won't give in till I reach the end

And then I'll start again

No, I won't leave

I want to try everything

I want to try even though I could fail

Oh, oh, oh, oh, oh

Try everything

 

 

What does the singer try to express through her song?

 

A

She want to express her spirit not to give up

 

B

She want to express how messed-up  her life

 

C

She want to tell us about the birds has felt down

 

D

She had tried everything she  could but all failed

 

E

She won’t start it again till the end

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12

Try Everything

                                                                 Shakira

I messed up tonight

I lost another fight

Lost to myself, but I'll just start again

 

I keep falling down

I keep on hitting the ground

But I always get up now to see what's next

 

Birds don't just fly

They fall down and get up

Nobody learns without getting it wrong

 

I won't give up

No, I won't give in till I reach the end

And then I'll start again

No, I won't leave

I want to try everything

I want to try even though I could fail

Oh, oh, oh, oh, oh

Try everything

 

“Nobody learns without getting it wrong”

What can you conclude from this line?

 

A

people should study hard to get the best result

 

B

It is good to study without getting it wrong

 

C

Don’t learn something wrong

 

D

Nobody perfect

 

E

Some people have failed in learning

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13

Try Everything

                                                                 Shakira

I messed up tonight

I lost another fight

Lost to myself, but I'll just start again

 

I keep falling down

I keep on hitting the ground

But I always get up now to see what's next

 

Birds don't just fly

They fall down and get up

Nobody learns without getting it wrong

 

I won't give up

No, I won't give in till I reach the end

And then I'll start again

No, I won't leave

I want to try everything

I want to try even though I could fail

Oh, oh, oh, oh, oh

Try everything

 

“I keep on hitting the ground”

This line means.......

 

A

She fell down on the ground

 

B

She  got the problem /failure

 

C

She jumped and fell down to the ground

 

D

She laid on the ground

 

E

She is giving up

1

14

Liquefaction is a phenomenon where saturated sand and silt take on the  characteristics of a liquid during the intense shaking of an earthquake, according to the United States Geological Survey website.

It takes place when a quake has increased water pressure in saturated soil and made particles in the soil lose contact with each other, making the soil - particularly sandy soil - act like liquid.

The effect has been likened to slapping a wet, hard beach and the sand beneath your palm becomes jelly.

WHAT HAPPENED IN SULAWESI

In the Palu neighborhood of Balaroa, about 1,700 houses were swallowed up when the earthquake caused soil to liquefy, the national rescue agency said.

Satellite images of the Petobo district, south of Palu's airport, showed another large area of urban development seemingly wiped clear of buildings.

When the quake hit, the layers below the surface of the earth became muddy and loose," said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman of Indonesia’s national disaster mitigation agency.

"Mud with such large mass volume drowned and dragged the housing complex in Petobo so that most of them became as if they were absorbed. We estimate 744 units of houses are there."

Amateur video footage appeared to show trees, buildings and even a large communications tower being tossed around in fast-moving landslides. Reuters was unable to verify the footage.

According to the experts Liquefaction happens caused by...

 

A

The quake hit, the layers below the surface of the sea became muddy and loose.

 

B

Tsunami and Earthquake hit  on the same area and time.

 

 

C

Intense Volcanic eruption that liquefied the soil

 

 

D

Landslides in fast-moving on mountainous area.

 

 

E

saturated sand and silt take on the  characteristics of a liquid during the intense shaking of an earthquake

1

15

Liquefaction is a phenomenon where saturated sand and silt take on the  characteristics of a liquid during the intense shaking of an earthquake, according to the United States Geological Survey website.

It takes place when a quake has increased water pressure in saturated soil and made particles in the soil lose contact with each other, making the soil - particularly sandy soil - act like liquid.

The effect has been likened to slapping a wet, hard beach and the sand beneath your palm becomes jelly.

WHAT HAPPENED IN SULAWESI

In the Palu neighborhood of Balaroa, about 1,700 houses were swallowed up when the earthquake caused soil to liquefy, the national rescue agency said.

Satellite images of the Petobo district, south of Palu's airport, showed another large area of urban development seemingly wiped clear of buildings.

When the quake hit, the layers below the surface of the earth became muddy and loose," said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman of Indonesia’s national disaster mitigation agency.

"Mud with such large mass volume drowned and dragged the housing complex in Petobo so that most of them became as if they were absorbed. We estimate 744 units of houses are there."

Amateur video footage appeared to show trees, buildings and even a large communications tower being tossed around in fast-moving landslides. Reuters was unable to verify the footage.

 

“the effect has been likened to slapping a wet hard beach and the sand beneath your palm becomes jelly” (par.3)

The antonym of slapping are.........

 

A

Hitting

 

B

Bullying

 

C

Compliment

 

D

Kicking

 

E

Laying

1

16

Liquefaction is a phenomenon where saturated sand and silt take on the  characteristics of a liquid during the intense shaking of an earthquake, according to the United States Geological Survey website.

It takes place when a quake has increased water pressure in saturated soil and made particles in the soil lose contact with each other, making the soil - particularly sandy soil - act like liquid.

The effect has been likened to slapping a wet, hard beach and the sand beneath your palm becomes jelly.

WHAT HAPPENED IN SULAWESI

In the Palu neighborhood of Balaroa, about 1,700 houses were swallowed up when the earthquake caused soil to liquefy, the national rescue agency said.

Satellite images of the Petobo district, south of Palu's airport, showed another large area of urban development seemingly wiped clear of buildings.

When the quake hit, the layers below the surface of the earth became muddy and loose," said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman of Indonesia’s national disaster mitigation agency.

"Mud with such large mass volume drowned and dragged the housing complex in Petobo so that most of them became as if they were absorbed. We estimate 744 units of houses are there."

Amateur video footage appeared to show trees, buildings and even a large communications tower being tossed around in fast-moving landslides. Reuters was unable to verify the footage.

What is the purpose of this text?

 

 

A

To explain how Liquefaction happens

 

B

To explain what happened in Sulawesi

 

C

To inform the reader what had happened in Sulawesi

 

D

To report about Liquefaction in Sulawesi

 

E

To describe  Liquefaction

1

17

Liquefaction is a phenomenon where saturated sand and silt take on the  characteristics of a liquid during the intense shaking of an earthquake, according to the United States Geological Survey website.

It takes place when a quake has increased water pressure in saturated soil and made particles in the soil lose contact with each other, making the soil - particularly sandy soil - act like liquid.

The effect has been likened to slapping a wet, hard beach and the sand beneath your palm becomes jelly.

WHAT HAPPENED IN SULAWESI

In the Palu neighborhood of Balaroa, about 1,700 houses were swallowed up when the earthquake caused soil to liquefy, the national rescue agency said.

Satellite images of the Petobo district, south of Palu's airport, showed another large area of urban development seemingly wiped clear of buildings.

When the quake hit, the layers below the surface of the earth became muddy and loose," said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman of Indonesia’s national disaster mitigation agency.

"Mud with such large mass volume drowned and dragged the housing complex in Petobo so that most of them became as if they were absorbed. We estimate 744 units of houses are there."

Amateur video footage appeared to show trees, buildings and even a large communications tower being tossed around in fast-moving landslides. Reuters was unable to verify the footage.

According to the passage the statements here are true EXCEPT.....

 

A

The earthquake caused soil to liquefy

 

B

Sutopo Purwo Nugroho is spokesman of Indonesia’s national disaster mitigation agency.

 

C

“When the quake hit, the layers below the surface of the earth became muddy and loose," Reuters reported.

 

D

About 1,700 houses were swallowed up in Balaroa during Liquefaction disaster.

 

E

Trees, buildings and even a large communications tower being tossed around in fast-moving landslides.

1

18

          Heredity is not the only thing that influences our color. Where we live and how we live after we are born are important too. For instance, our genes influence how fat or thin we are. But our weight depends mainly on how much exercise we get. In the same way, our skin color depends to a large extent on how much  sunshine we get

          During the cold winter months, people keep themselves covered. A group of light colored people will all seem to be pretty much the same color in these months. But when summer arrives and they go to the beaches. Some will tan darkly, some will tan lightly and a few will not tan at all. Each one has inherited a different ability to tan, but the differences do not appear until the conditions are right. An outdoors man will soon become pale if he changes to an indoor job, while a desk clerk will take on a tan after a short vacation in the sun, Sometimes people decide that being tanned is better than being pale. Sometimes they decide the opposite.

          Centuries ago, most of the people in Europe were peasants and had to work the fields all day. Noblemen, on the other hand, did not have to work. They stayed indoors and remained pale. You could always tell a nobleman from a peasant because the peasant had a tan. As a result, noblewomen did their best to keep their skins as light as possible. A skin so pale that the veins showed was considered a mark of great beauty.

          During the Industrial Revolution, things changed. Farmers left their fields and went to work in factories, mines, and mills. Working for long hours in dimly-lit factories and mines made their skin pale. Wealthy people, however, could afford to travel to sunny countries. They had the leisure to lie around the beaches and get a tan. Having a tan became a sign of wealth.

          In Western Europe and North America pale skin is no longer desirable. Instead of bleaching themselves white with lemon juice, many women spend their time under a sunlamp. The desire for a quick tan has led the invention of pills and lotions that darken the skin artificially without exposure to sunlight.

          This has brought about another change, These pills and lotions can be bought by anyone at any drugstore. A rich man can spend hundreds of dollars on a vacation in the sunny West Indies and get his suntan there. But his lowest paid clerk can have what looks like the same tan out of a bottle for a few cents So, there are three answers to the question:

"Where does our color come from?" It comes from the genes we inherit. It come from the conditions in which we live. And it can come from a bottle that we bough at the drugstore on the corner.

 

 

What is the subject of the passage?

 

A

Heredity

 

B

Sun  tanning

 

C

Nobleman

 

D

Colorgenes

 

E

Color skin

1

19

          Heredity is not the only thing that influences our color. Where we live and how we live after we are born are important too. For instance, our genes influence how fat or thin we are. But our weight depends mainly on how much exercise we get. In the same way, our skin color depends to a large extent on how much  sunshine we get

          During the cold winter months, people keep themselves covered. A group of light colored people will all seem to be pretty much the same color in these months. But when summer arrives and they go to the beaches. Some will tan darkly, some will tan lightly and a few will not tan at all. Each one has inherited a different ability to tan, but the differences do not appear until the conditions are right. An outdoors man will soon become pale if he changes to an indoor job, while a desk clerk will take on a tan after a short vacation in the sun, Sometimes people decide that being tanned is better than being pale. Sometimes they decide the opposite.

          Centuries ago, most of the people in Europe were peasants and had to work the fields all day. Noblemen, on the other hand, did not have to work. They stayed indoors and remained pale. You could always tell a nobleman from a peasant because the peasant had a tan. As a result, noblewomen did their best to keep their skins as light as possible. A skin so pale that the veins showed was considered a mark of great beauty.

          During the Industrial Revolution, things changed. Farmers left their fields and went to work in factories, mines, and mills. Working for long hours in dimly-lit factories and mines made their skin pale. Wealthy people, however, could afford to travel to sunny countries. They had the leisure to lie around the beaches and get a tan. Having a tan became a sign of wealth.

          In Western Europe and North America pale skin is no longer desirable. Instead of bleaching themselves white with lemon juice, many women spend their time under a sunlamp. The desire for a quick tan has led the invention of pills and lotions that darken the skin artificially without exposure to sunlight.

          This has brought about another change, These pills and lotions can be bought by anyone at any drugstore. A rich man can spend hundreds of dollars on a vacation in the sunny West Indies and get his suntan there. But his lowest paid clerk can have what looks like the same tan out of a bottle for a few cents So, there are three answers to the question:

"Where does our color come from?" It comes from the genes we inherit. It come from the conditions in which we live. And it can come from a bottle that we bough at the drugstore on the corner.

 

 

According to the text, which of the following may have an influence on our color?

 

A

Exercise, heredity, sunshine

 

B

Sunshine, heredity, weight

 

C

Sunshine, heredity, lotions

 

D

Heredity, weight lotions

 

E

Lotions, heredity, exercise

1

20

          Heredity is not the only thing that influences our color. Where we live and how we live after we are born are important too. For instance, our genes influence how fat or thin we are. But our weight depends mainly on how much exercise we get. In the same way, our skin color depends to a large extent on how much  sunshine we get

          During the cold winter months, people keep themselves covered. A group of light colored people will all seem to be pretty much the same color in these months. But when summer arrives and they go to the beaches. Some will tan darkly, some will tan lightly and a few will not tan at all. Each one has inherited a different ability to tan, but the differences do not appear until the conditions are right. An outdoors man will soon become pale if he changes to an indoor job, while a desk clerk will take on a tan after a short vacation in the sun, Sometimes people decide that being tanned is better than being pale. Sometimes they decide the opposite.

          Centuries ago, most of the people in Europe were peasants and had to work the fields all day. Noblemen, on the other hand, did not have to work. They stayed indoors and remained pale. You could always tell a nobleman from a peasant because the peasant had a tan. As a result, noblewomen did their best to keep their skins as light as possible. A skin so pale that the veins showed was considered a mark of great beauty.

          During the Industrial Revolution, things changed. Farmers left their fields and went to work in factories, mines, and mills. Working for long hours in dimly-lit factories and mines made their skin pale. Wealthy people, however, could afford to travel to sunny countries. They had the leisure to lie around the beaches and get a tan. Having a tan became a sign of wealth.

          In Western Europe and North America pale skin is no longer desirable. Instead of bleaching themselves white with lemon juice, many women spend their time under a sunlamp. The desire for a quick tan has led the invention of pills and lotions that darken the skin artificially without exposure to sunlight.

          This has brought about another change, These pills and lotions can be bought by anyone at any drugstore. A rich man can spend hundreds of dollars on a vacation in the sunny West Indies and get his suntan there. But his lowest paid clerk can have what looks like the same tan out of a bottle for a few cents So, there are three answers to the question:

"Where does our color come from?" It comes from the genes we inherit. It come from the conditions in which we live. And it can come from a bottle that we bough at the drugstore on the corner.

 

 

The phrase 'to a large extent in the first paragraph can be best replaced as ...

 

A

Partly

 

B

Completely

 

C

Somewhat

 

D

Largely

 

E

Basically

1

21

          Heredity is not the only thing that influences our color. Where we live and how we live after we are born are important too. For instance, our genes influence how fat or thin we are. But our weight depends mainly on how much exercise we get. In the same way, our skin color depends to a large extent on how much  sunshine we get

          During the cold winter months, people keep themselves covered. A group of light colored people will all seem to be pretty much the same color in these months. But when summer arrives and they go to the beaches. Some will tan darkly, some will tan lightly and a few will not tan at all. Each one has inherited a different ability to tan, but the differences do not appear until the conditions are right. An outdoors man will soon become pale if he changes to an indoor job, while a desk clerk will take on a tan after a short vacation in the sun, Sometimes people decide that being tanned is better than being pale. Sometimes they decide the opposite.

          Centuries ago, most of the people in Europe were peasants and had to work the fields all day. Noblemen, on the other hand, did not have to work. They stayed indoors and remained pale. You could always tell a nobleman from a peasant because the peasant had a tan. As a result, noblewomen did their best to keep their skins as light as possible. A skin so pale that the veins showed was considered a mark of great beauty.

          During the Industrial Revolution, things changed. Farmers left their fields and went to work in factories, mines, and mills. Working for long hours in dimly-lit factories and mines made their skin pale. Wealthy people, however, could afford to travel to sunny countries. They had the leisure to lie around the beaches and get a tan. Having a tan became a sign of wealth.

          In Western Europe and North America pale skin is no longer desirable. Instead of bleaching themselves white with lemon juice, many women spend their time under a sunlamp. The desire for a quick tan has led the invention of pills and lotions that darken the skin artificially without exposure to sunlight.

          This has brought about another change, These pills and lotions can be bought by anyone at any drugstore. A rich man can spend hundreds of dollars on a vacation in the sunny West Indies and get his suntan there. But his lowest paid clerk can have what looks like the same tan out of a bottle for a few cents So, there are three answers to the question:

"Where does our color come from?" It comes from the genes we inherit. It come from the conditions in which we live. And it can come from a bottle that we bough at the drugstore on the corner.

 

 

Which of the following statement is not true?

 

A

We may soon be able to change the color of our skin

 

B

Nowadays only rich people can have a tan

 

C

Everybody will get the same tan if the conditions are right

 

D

Before the Industrial Revolution most working people had an outdoor job

 

E

Nowadays women do their best to keep their skin as light as possible

1

22

          Heredity is not the only thing that influences our color. Where we live and how we live after we are born are important too. For instance, our genes influence how fat or thin we are. But our weight depends mainly on how much exercise we get. In the same way, our skin color depends to a large extent on how much  sunshine we get

          During the cold winter months, people keep themselves covered. A group of light colored people will all seem to be pretty much the same color in these months. But when summer arrives and they go to the beaches. Some will tan darkly, some will tan lightly and a few will not tan at all. Each one has inherited a different ability to tan, but the differences do not appear until the conditions are right. An outdoors man will soon become pale if he changes to an indoor job, while a desk clerk will take on a tan after a short vacation in the sun, Sometimes people decide that being tanned is better than being pale. Sometimes they decide the opposite.

          Centuries ago, most of the people in Europe were peasants and had to work the fields all day. Noblemen, on the other hand, did not have to work. They stayed indoors and remained pale. You could always tell a nobleman from a peasant because the peasant had a tan. As a result, noblewomen did their best to keep their skins as light as possible. A skin so pale that the veins showed was considered a mark of great beauty.

          During the Industrial Revolution, things changed. Farmers left their fields and went to work in factories, mines, and mills. Working for long hours in dimly-lit factories and mines made their skin pale. Wealthy people, however, could afford to travel to sunny countries. They had the leisure to lie around the beaches and get a tan. Having a tan became a sign of wealth.

          In Western Europe and North America pale skin is no longer desirable. Instead of bleaching themselves white with lemon juice, many women spend their time under a sunlamp. The desire for a quick tan has led the invention of pills and lotions that darken the skin artificially without exposure to sunlight.

          This has brought about another change, These pills and lotions can be bought by anyone at any drugstore. A rich man can spend hundreds of dollars on a vacation in the sunny West Indies and get his suntan there. But his lowest paid clerk can have what looks like the same tan out of a bottle for a few cents So, there are three answers to the question:

"Where does our color come from?" It comes from the genes we inherit. It come from the conditions in which we live. And it can come from a bottle that we bough at the drugstore on the corner.

 

 

The word they in paragraph four could be best replaced as...

 

A

Most people

 

B

Most people in Europe

 

C

Nobleman

 

D

Peasants

 

E

Farmers

1

23

          The first of the Great Debates, between Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts the incumbent Vice President Richard W on September 26, 1960, centered domestic issues. The topic of the next debate on October 7, was a clash over US. pol regarding two small islands off the Chinese coast, and on October 13, this controversy continued. On October 21, the final debate the candidates focused on America/Cubes relations. around

          Few of the 70 million viewers could have fathomed what this first-ever tele presidential debate augured, not only for the specific series of debates, but more importantly for the preeminent role the fledgling med would play in the future of the political arena A pallid Nixon arrived at the Chicago CHS studios after a grueling day of campaigning The previous August a knee infection has sidelined him. He was still twenty pounds underweight, and he perspired profusely in an ill-fitting shirt. Moreover, he declined makeup to burnish his hospital pallor. The freshly painted studio backdrop had dried to an ashen hue that obscured his matching suit.

          The Democratic contender by contrast exuded a robust glow after a month of campaigning in California. He had spent his day rehearsing potential questions and relaxing. An aide later admitted that he supplemented his natural glow with a smidge of makeup. He was fit, trim, and confident.

          Despite the remarkably similar agendas and arguments of the Republican and the Democrat, TV viewers unequivocally believed Kennedy to be the victor - whereas people who had followed the debates on the radio held the opposite opinion. The age of TV had arrived, and the subsequent party shuffle proved the undeniable potency of television.

 

 

The authoris mainly concerned about.......

 

A

People who tuned in to the1960 Great Debates

 

B

The effect of television on the results of the 1960 Great Debates

 

C

The television viewers during the 1960 Great Debates

 

D

The domestic issues during the 1960 Great Debates

 

E

The debating styles during the 1960 Great Debates

1

24

          The first of the Great Debates, between Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts the incumbent Vice President Richard W on September 26, 1960, centered domestic issues. The topic of the next debate on October 7, was a clash over US. pol regarding two small islands off the Chinese coast, and on October 13, this controversy continued. On October 21, the final debate the candidates focused on America/Cubes relations. around

          Few of the 70 million viewers could have fathomed what this first-ever tele presidential debate augured, not only for the specific series of debates, but more importantly for the preeminent role the fledgling med would play in the future of the political arena A pallid Nixon arrived at the Chicago CHS studios after a grueling day of campaigning The previous August a knee infection has sidelined him. He was still twenty pounds underweight, and he perspired profusely in an ill-fitting shirt. Moreover, he declined makeup to burnish his hospital pallor. The freshly painted studio backdrop had dried to an ashen hue that obscured his matching suit.

          The Democratic contender by contrast exuded a robust glow after a month of campaigning in California. He had spent his day rehearsing potential questions and relaxing. An aide later admitted that he supplemented his natural glow with a smidge of makeup. He was fit, trim, and confident.

          Despite the remarkably similar agendas and arguments of the Republican and the Democrat, TV viewers unequivocally believed Kennedy to be the victor - whereas people who had followed the debates on the radio held the opposite opinion. The age of TV had arrived, and the subsequent party shuffle proved the undeniable potency of television.

 

 

It can be inferred from the passage that.......

 

A

 People who followed the debate on radio thought Kennedy had won the debate

 

B

People who watched the debated on TV thought Nixon was the winner

 

C

Kennedy was not more prepared for the debates than Nixon

 

D

Kennedy and Nixon had different arguments on issues on the home front

 

E

The Democrat beat the Republican in the 1960 election

1

25

          The first of the Great Debates, between Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts the incumbent Vice President Richard W on September 26, 1960, centered domestic issues. The topic of the next debate on October 7, was a clash over US. pol regarding two small islands off the Chinese coast, and on October 13, this controversy continued. On October 21, the final debate the candidates focused on America/Cubes relations. around

          Few of the 70 million viewers could have fathomed what this first-ever tele presidential debate augured, not only for the specific series of debates, but more importantly for the preeminent role the fledgling med would play in the future of the political arena A pallid Nixon arrived at the Chicago CHS studios after a grueling day of campaigning The previous August a knee infection has sidelined him. He was still twenty pounds underweight, and he perspired profusely in an ill-fitting shirt. Moreover, he declined makeup to burnish his hospital pallor. The freshly painted studio backdrop had dried to an ashen hue that obscured his matching suit.

          The Democratic contender by contrast exuded a robust glow after a month of campaigning in California. He had spent his day rehearsing potential questions and relaxing. An aide later admitted that he supplemented his natural glow with a smidge of makeup. He was fit, trim, and confident.

          Despite the remarkably similar agendas and arguments of the Republican and the Democrat, TV viewers unequivocally believed Kennedy to be the victor - whereas people who had followed the debates on the radio held the opposite opinion. The age of TV had arrived, and the subsequent party shuffle proved the undeniable potency of television.

 

According to the passage, which of the following was true about Richard Nixon?

 

A

He limped onstage for the first debate.

 

B

He wore a brown suit during the first debate

 

C

He warned of the impending Cuban crisis

 

D

He lost his job after the election,

 

E

He had a five o'clock shadow during the first debat

1

26

         

          The first samples of tea reached England between 1652 and 1657, and it become popular enough to replace ale as Englands’ national drink. As in Holland, it was the nobility that gave tea its stamp of approval. Both King Charles II and his wife, the Portuguese In Catherine de Braganza were both tea drinkers And, although the prices were kept fairly high tea mania swept through England just as the other countries.

          As a matter of fact, prior to the introduction   of tea into Britain, breakfast and dinner were the two meals that were commonly served. But  it did not take long before Anna, the Duchess of Bedford, adopted the European’s Tea service format and invited friends to join her in afternoon meal. The menu centred around a small cakes, sandwiches, assorted sweet of course, tea. This practice proved so populer that soon she was sending friends notes the invited to her London home for Tea Time and a. walk in the fields. Likewise, this idea was copied by other hostesses and serving tea became a common thread for almost all families England. Tea was made in a heated silver and brought to the guests and was served the finest porcelain from China. The food, which almost always included most desired crumpets wafer thin crust less sandwiches and shrimp and fish pates, was also served on the fine china. The tradition became most pleasant.

 

 

How does the author organize the ideas?

 

A

Putting the main Idea with examples

 

B

Presenting causes followed by effects

 

C

Interpreting words presented in the examples

 

D

Presenting the strengths of the ma idea

 

E

Exposing supporting details chronologically

1

27

          The first samples of tea reached England between 1652 and 1657, and it become popular enough to replace ale as Englands’ national drink. As in Holland, it was the nobility that gave tea its stamp of approval. Both King Charles II and his wife, the Portuguese In Catherine de Braganza were both tea drinkers And, although the prices were kept fairly high tea mania swept through England just as the other countries.

          As a matter of fact, prior to the introduction   of tea into Britain, breakfast and dinner were the two meals that were commonly served. But  it did not take long before Anna, the Duchess of Bedford, adopted the European’s Tea service format and invited friends to join her in afternoon meal. The menu centred around a small cakes, sandwiches, assorted sweet of course, tea. This practice proved so populer that soon she was sending friends notes the invited to her London home for Tea Time and a. walk in the fields. Likewise, this idea was copied by other hostesses and serving tea became a common thread for almost all families England. Tea was made in a heated silver and brought to the guests and was served the finest porcelain from China. The food, which almost always included most desired crumpets wafer thin crust less sandwiches and shrimp and fish pates, was also served on the fine china. The tradition became most pleasant.

 

The tone of the author is best described........

 

A

Amused

 

B

Critical

 

C

Informative

 

D

Adoring

 

E

Defensive

1

28

          The first samples of tea reached England between 1652 and 1657, and it become popular enough to replace Ale as Englands’ national drink. As in Holland, it was the nobility that gave tea its stamp of approval. Both King Charles II and his wife, the Portuguese In Catherine de Braganza were both tea drinkers And, although the prices were kept fairly high tea mania swept through England just as the other countries.

          As a matter of fact, prior to the introduction   of tea into Britain, breakfast and dinner were the two meals that were commonly served. But  it did not take long before Anna, the Duchess of Bedford, adopted the European’s Tea service format and invited friends to join her in afternoon meal. The menu centred around a small cakes, sandwiches, assorted sweet of course, tea. This practice proved so populer that soon she was sending friends notes the invited to her London home for Tea Time and a. walk in the fields. Likewise, this idea was copied by other hostesses and serving tea became a common thread for almost all families England. Tea was made in a heated silver and brought to the guests and was served the finest porcelain from China. The food, which almost always included most desired crumpets wafer thin crust less sandwiches and shrimp and fish pates, was also served on the fine china. The tradition became most pleasant.

 

 

According to the text, which of the following statements is false?

 

A

Ale was not popular as England's national drink before tea

 

B

people preferred to drink tea although it was expensive

 

C

The duchess of Bedford adopted the European’s tea service and proved popular

 

D

serving tea became a common thread for almost all families in England at that

 

E

The guest was served tea made in a heated silver pot

1

29

          The first samples of tea reached England between 1652 and 1657, and it become popular enough to replace ale as Englands’ national drink. As in Holland, it was the nobility that gave tea its stamp of approval. Both King Charles II and his wife, the Portuguese In Catherine de Braganza were both tea drinkers And, although the prices were kept fairly high tea mania swept through England just as the other countries.

          As a matter of fact, prior to the introduction   of tea into Britain, breakfast and dinner were the two meals that were commonly served. But  it did not take long before Anna, the Duchess of Bedford, adopted the European’s Tea service format and invited friends to join her in afternoon meal. The menu centred around a small cakes, sandwiches, assorted sweet of course, tea. This practice proved so populer that soon she was sending friends notes the invited to her London home for Tea Time and a. walk in the fields. Likewise, this idea was copied by other hostesses and serving tea became a common thread for almost all families England. Tea was made in a heated silver and brought to the guests and was served the finest porcelain from China. The food, which almost always included most desired crumpets wafer thin crust less sandwiches and shrimp and fish pates, was also served on the fine china. The tradition became most pleasant.

 

The word ‘prior to’ in paragraph 2 can be replaced as....

 

A

Subsequently

 

B

Previous

 

C

Following

 

D

Comiing

 

E

After

1

30

          The first samples of tea reached England between 1652 and 1657, and it become popular enough to replace ale as Englands’ national drink. As in Holland, it was the nobility that gave tea its stamp of approval. Both King Charles II and his wife, the Portuguese In Catherine de Braganza were both tea drinkers And, although the prices were kept fairly high tea mania swept through England just as the other countries.

          As a matter of fact, prior to the introduction   of tea into Britain, breakfast and dinner were the two meals that were commonly served. But  it did not take long before Anna, the Duchess of Bedford, adopted the European’s Tea service format and invited friends to join her in afternoon meal. The menu centred around a small cakes, sandwiches, assorted sweet of course, tea. This practice proved so populer that soon she was sending friends notes the invited to her London home for Tea Time and a. walk in the fields. Likewise, this idea was copied by other hostesses and serving tea became a common thread for almost all families England. Tea was made in a heated silver and brought to the guests and was served the finest porcelain from China. The food, which almost always included most desired crumpets wafer thin crust less sandwiches and shrimp and fish pates, was also served on the fine china. The tradition became most pleasant.

 

 

Who is probably interested in reading this passage?

 

A

Tea drinkers

 

B

Coffee lovers

 

C

Sociologist

 

D

Anthropologist

 

E

Non tea drinkers

1

31

          Scientists have been working for over 15 years now to try to unlock the secrets of be stickiness of gecko toes and find a way artificially reproduce the same structure of nano hairs. The hypothesis at the moment is that if any material can be shaped into nano hairs they will have the same properties as those on gecko toes, so scientists are looking for an alternative material with which to manufacture the stickiest synthetic surface ever.

          This is one example of research in the field now known as nanotechnology. In this field, the technology being created can be measured in a few nanometres (one nanometre is a millionth of a milimetre). Interest in developing technology at this level was largely inspired by Richard Feynman at the beginning of 1960', but the nano catchphrase was coined in the 1990s by Dr. Eric Drexler, who spurred scientists on through a series of speeches and a book entitled "Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology

          The scientists working on the geckos envisage an enormously wide range of possible applications for the kind of adhesive nanotechnology that they will develop. The one that will make the biggest splash in the media will be the gloves and the boots that will allow rock-climbers to take their sport to hitherto undreamed of heights. But the technology could also be used in surgery to keep the edges of wounds together without the need for stitches. There will also be a huge potential in the manufacturing sector to stick millions of components together tighter than ever before without glues or screws.

 

 

From the passage above, it can be hypothesized that nanotechnology in the future will be ...

 

A

 Used for stitching the wounds together

 

B

Used to produce materials that can be shaped into nano-hairs

 

C

Used in the medical field and in the manufacturing sector

 

D

Used to unlock the secrets of the stickiness of gecko toes

 

E

Used to produce glues

1

32

          Scientists have been working for over 15 years now to try to unlock the secrets of be stickiness of gecko toes and find a way artificially reproduce the same structure of nano hairs. The hypothesis at the moment is that if any material can be shaped into nano hairs they will have the same properties as those on gecko toes, so scientists are looking for an alternative material with which to manufacture the stickiest synthetic surface ever.

          This is one example of research in the field now known as nanotechnology. In this field, the technology being created can be measured in a few nanometres (one nanometre is a millionth of a milimetre). Interest in developing technology at this level was largely inspired by Richard Feynman at the beginning of 1960', but the nano catchphrase was coined in the 1990s by Dr. Eric Drexler, who spurred scientists on through a series of speeches and a book entitled "Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology

          The scientists working on the geckos envisage an enormously wide range of possible applications for the kind of adhesive nanotechnology that they will develop. The one that will make the biggest splash in the media will be the gloves and the boots that will allow rock-climbers to take their sport to hitherto undreamed of heights. But the technology could also be used in surgery to keep the edges of wounds together without the need for stitches. There will also be a huge potential in the manufacturing sector to stick millions of components together tighter than ever before without glues or screws.

 

 

Paragraph 1 is related with paragraph 2 in that the former deals with ....

 

A

The history of nanotechnology at the beginning of the 1960's

 

B

The hypothesis in searching of an alternative material

 

C

The example of nanotechnology research

 

D

How Richard Fenyman developed nanotechnology

 

E

The secret of sticikiness of gecko toes

1

33